Kashmiri Mutton Harissa

Kashmiri Mutton Harissa, a rich and flavorful dish, is a traditional delicacy from the beautiful region of Kashmir in northern India. This slow-cooked mutton porridge, known for its delectable taste and nourishing properties, is particularly enjoyed during the cold winter months. The dish combines succulent mutton with a blend of spices, creating a hearty and satisfying meal that is loved by many. In this comprehensive guide, we will take you through the steps to prepare an authentic Kashmiri Mutton Harissa right in your kitchen.

Ingredients for Kashmiri Mutton Harissa

To make Kashmiri Mutton Harissa, you will need the following ingredients:

  • 1 kg Mutton (preferably boneless)
  • 1 cup Broken Wheat (Dalia)
  • 1 cup Rice
  • 1/2 cup Split Yellow Moong Dal
  • 1/2 cup Split Green Gram (Moong)
  • 1/2 cup Split Red Lentils (Masoor Dal)
  • 2 large Onions, finely sliced
  • 1 tablespoon Ginger-Garlic Paste
  • 1 teaspoon Cumin Seeds
  • 1 teaspoon Fennel Seeds (Saunf)
  • 1 teaspoon Caraway Seeds (Shahi Jeera)
  • 1/2 teaspoon Turmeric Powder
  • 2 teaspoons Red Chili Powder
  • 1 teaspoon Garam Masala Powder
  • 1 teaspoon Ground Black Pepper
  • Salt to taste
  • 4 tablespoons Mustard Oil or Ghee
  • A few strands of Saffron, soaked in 2 tablespoons warm milk
  • Water, as needed

Preparation Steps

Step 1: Preparing the Mutton

  1. Clean and Cut the Mutton: Wash the mutton pieces thoroughly under running water. Pat them dry with a kitchen towel and cut them into medium-sized chunks.
  2. Marinate the Mutton: In a bowl, combine the mutton pieces with ginger-garlic paste, turmeric powder, red chili powder, and salt. Mix well to coat the mutton evenly. Cover the bowl and let the mutton marinate for at least 1 hour, preferably in the refrigerator.

Step 2: Cooking the Grains and Lentils

  1. Rinse and Soak the Grains and Lentils: Rinse the broken wheat, rice, split yellow moong dal, split green gram, and split red lentils thoroughly under running water. Soak them together in enough water for about 30 minutes.
  2. Cook the Grains and Lentils: Drain the soaked grains and lentils. In a large pot, add the grains and lentils along with enough water to cover them. Bring the mixture to a boil, then reduce the heat to a simmer. Cook until the grains and lentils are soft and mushy, about 45 minutes to 1 hour. Stir occasionally to prevent sticking.

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Step 3: Cooking the Mutton

  1. Heat Oil: In a large, heavy-bottomed pot, heat mustard oil or ghee over medium heat until hot.
  2. Sauté Onions: Add the finely sliced onions and sauté until they turn golden brown.
  3. Add Spices: Add cumin seeds, fennel seeds, and caraway seeds to the pot. Stir and cook for a few minutes until the spices release their aroma.
  4. Cook the Mutton: Add the marinated mutton to the pot. Sear the mutton on all sides until it turns brown. This will help seal in the flavors.
  5. Add Water: Pour enough water into the pot to cover the mutton. Bring to a boil, then reduce the heat to low. Cover the pot and let the mutton simmer until it is tender and falls off the bone, about 1.5 to 2 hours.

Step 4: Combining the Elements

  1. Blend the Grains and Lentils: Once the grains and lentils are cooked, use a hand blender or a food processor to blend them into a smooth, thick paste.
  2. Add the Blended Grains and Lentils to the Mutton: Stir the blended grains and lentils into the pot with the cooked mutton. Mix well to combine.
  3. Adjust Consistency: Add water as needed to achieve a thick, porridge-like consistency. Cook the mixture on low heat for an additional 30 minutes, stirring occasionally to prevent sticking.

Step 5: Final Touches

  1. Season the Harissa: Add garam masala powder, ground black pepper, and soaked saffron (along with the milk) to the pot. Stir well to incorporate the flavors.
  2. Adjust Salt and Spices: Taste the Harissa and adjust the salt and spices as needed. If you prefer more heat, you can add additional red chili powder.
  3. Cook Until Perfect: Continue to cook the Harissa on low heat for another 15-20 minutes, allowing all the flavors to meld together.

Serving Kashmiri Mutton Harissa

Kashmiri Mutton Harissa is best served hot. Garnish it with a drizzle of ghee or a few strands of saffron. You can enjoy it with traditional Kashmiri bread like Sheermal or Lavasa. It also pairs well with a side of fresh salad or yogurt.

Nutritional Benefits

Kashmiri Mutton Harissa is not only delicious but also packed with nutrients. Mutton provides a rich source of protein, essential vitamins, and minerals. The combination of grains and lentils adds dietary fiber, making this dish a balanced and wholesome meal. The use of spices like turmeric and fennel seeds contributes anti-inflammatory and digestive benefits.

Tips for Perfect Kashmiri Mutton Harissa

  • Slow Cooking is Key: Ensure you cook the mutton slowly to achieve a tender texture and allow the flavors to develop fully.
  • Quality Ingredients: Use fresh and high-quality ingredients to enhance the taste of the Harissa.
  • Consistency: The consistency of Harissa should be thick and porridge-like. Adjust the amount of water accordingly during the cooking process.
  • Spice Levels: Adjust the spice levels to suit your preference. Kashmiri cuisine typically features mild yet aromatic flavors.

Frequently Asked Questions Kashmiri Mutton Harissa

1. What is Kashmiri Mutton Harissa?

Kashmiri Mutton Harissa is a traditional dish from the Kashmir region of northern India. It is a slow-cooked mutton porridge that combines succulent mutton with a blend of grains, lentils, and spices.

2. What are the key ingredients in Kashmiri Mutton Harissa?

The key ingredients in Kashmiri Mutton Harissa include mutton (preferably boneless), broken wheat (dalia), rice, split yellow moong dal, split green gram (moong), split red lentils (masoor dal), onions, ginger-garlic paste, a variety of spices, mustard oil or ghee, and saffron.

3. How is Kashmiri Mutton Harissa prepared?

To prepare Kashmiri Mutton Harissa, the mutton is marinated with spices and then slow-cooked until tender. Meanwhile, grains and lentils are cooked separately and blended into a smooth paste. The cooked mutton is then combined with the blended grains and lentils, along with additional spices and seasonings, and cooked until the flavors meld together.


Making Kashmiri Mutton Harissa at home is a rewarding experience that brings the authentic flavors of Kashmir to your table. This traditional recipe, with its rich blend of mutton, grains, and spices, is perfect for a comforting and nutritious meal. By following this detailed guide, you can create a delicious and authentic Kashmiri Mutton Harissa that is sure to impress your family and friends.

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